UNIT 16: HISTORICAL PLACES - TRƯỜNG THPT LỘC PHÁT

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UNIT 16: HISTORICAL PLACES

Thứ hai - 27/04/2020 08:07
UNIT 16: HISTORICAL PLACES
UNIT 16: HISTORICAL PLACES.
UNIT 16: HISTORICAL PLACES

PART A: VOCABULARY

Task 1: Match the words with their synonyms and meanings (A-B-C), and then write the words down in your notes:


A

B

C

1. originally (adv) /əˈrɪdʒənəli/

a. carve (v) /kɑːv/

tôn vinh

2. representative (n/a) /ˌreprɪˈzentətɪv/

b. grow well

Triều đại

3. memorialize (v) /məˈmɔːriəlaɪz/

c. initially (adv)

/ɪˈnɪʃəli/ (at the beginning)

học giả lỗi lạc

4. engrave (v) /ɪnˈɡreɪv/

d. a believer in the teachings of Confucius

ban đầu

5. flourish (v) /ˈflʌrɪʃ/

e. honor (v) /ˈɒnə/

(người) đại diện/ tiêu biểu

6. brilliant scholar (np) /'briljənt  'skɔlə/

f. typical (a) /ˈtɪpɪkl/

được bảo quản tốt

7. Dynasty (n) /dai'na:sti/

g. well- protected (a)

xum xuê

8. stele (n) /'sti:li/

h. a person who studies a subject in great detail, especially at a university

khắc

9. Confucian (a) /kən'fju:∫n/

i. empire (n) /ˈempaɪə/

bia (đá)

10. well- preserved (a) /ˌwel prɪˈzɜːrvd/

j. tombstone (n) /ˈtuːmstəʊn/

theo nho giáo


Task 2: Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c, or d - that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase. 

1. Temple of Literature is a the famous historical and cultural.............. in Ha Noi.

a. temple b. remain c. ground d. site

2. All the pillars of the old house were carved with ornamental designs.

a. written b. engraved c. painted d. decorated

3. Van Mieu was a place to...................the most brilliant scholars of the nation.

a. remember b. memorialize c. certify d. impress

4.  Few businesses are flourishing in the present economic climate.

a. growing well b. setting up c. closing down d. taking off

5. Hue Imperial City was certified as a World Cultural................. in 1993.

a. History b. Tradition c. Heritage d. Site

6. President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum was built in September 1973 and completed in August 1975.

a. a large impressive tomb b. a house on stilts

c. a very large building d. a catacomb

7. Reunification Hall .............. the collapse of the US-backed government of South Viet Nam.

a. saw b. watched c. told d. witnessed

8. Van Mieu is an example of well-preserved.....................Vietnamese architecture.

a. tradition b. traditional c. traditionally d. traditionalism

9. Quoc Tu Giam used to be a Confucian school reserved for sons of the...................

a. royalty b. imperialism c. feudalism d. Confucius 

10. His novels were originally published in serial form in a magazine.

a. actually b. unusually c. truly d. initially

11. Van Mieu was representative of Confucian ways of thought and behaviors. 

a. traditional b. typical   c. memorial d. cultural

12. The stone stelae were ................. with the names of the doctor laureates.

a. written b. cut   c. designed d. engraved

13. Hoi An is a famous tourist attraction with many ...............sites.

a. royal b. natural   c. cultural d. attractive

14. These plants ..................in a damp climate.

a. root b. found   c. exist d. flourish

15. Washington State is famous ................. its apples.

a. with b. to   c. on d. for


PART B. READING:

Task 1: Complete the passage with the appropriate words. Use one word only in each space.

Van Mieu (Temple of Literature) was (1)......................in 1070 as a dedication to the founder of: infusionism. Six years later, Quoc Tu Giam - the first (2) ........................of Viet Nam  was established on the (3)..................... of Van Mieu. At first only the members of the royal family could (4) ....................Quoc Tu Giam, but later it was open to all (5)....................... sons of the mandarins in the country. In 1482, King Le Thanh Ton ordered the erection of (6)....................with inscription of the names, birthdates, birthplaces and achievements of the doctors and other excellent graduates (7)........................took part in examinations since 1442. Each stele is placed on the back of a (8) ............................representing the nation's longevity. In the Nguyen (9).........................., Quoc Tu Giam was moved to Phu Xuan (Hue Royal City). Nowadays, Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam is a famous historical and cultural (10)...................... in Vietnam.

Task 2: Read the passage, then choose the correct answer. 

Cu Chi is located at the threshold of Sai Gon and adjacent to the revolutionary base. Cu Chi played an important role in the two wars of resistance against the old and new colonial powers. Cu Chi was an 'underground village' with its labyrinth of interlaced tunnels having a combined length of more than 200km. The main tunnel is 60 – 70 cm wide and 80 – 90 cm high. Above the tunnel is a layer of earth about 3m – 4m thick, enough to sustain the weight of 50 ton tanks or heavy artillery as well as the destruction of bombs up to 100kg. 

Although it is an underground communication network, the tunnel is enlarged here and there into rooms large enough to hold large meetings, a medical station or art performances. Those who had set foot in that tunnel network should greatly admire the talent, determination and endurance of the communist guerillas. The soil in Cu Chi was as hard as stone, but with such rudimentary handtools as hoes and shovels, they had dug and removed ten thousands of tons of earth and stone, and camouflaged the openings so well that nobody could find them. Many people have called it a wonder of the 20th century.


1. Where is Cu Chi situated?

a. At the entrance to Sai Gon. b. In Sai Gon.

c. On the way to a revolutionary base. d. Near Cu Chi Tunnels.

2.  Cu Chi tunnel ............................

a. is very wide and long. b. is a complicated network of winding passages.

c. has a thin layer of earth above. d. connects underground networks.

3. The word 'them' in paragraph 2 refers to .........................

a. the guerillas b. the tunnels c. the openings d. earth and stone

4. Which of the following sentences concerning Cu Chi Tunnel is NOT mentioned?

a. The tunnel is strong enough to support the destruction of bombardments.

b. There are meeting places in the tunnel.

c. The tunnel was dug by hand.

d. The openings of the tunnel were covered with bushes. 

5. People who visited Cu Chi Tunnel ....................

a. set foot in that tunnel network.

b. was impressed by the work of the communist guerillas.

c. admired the complication of the tunnel network.

d. made it a wonder of the 20th century.

6. Which of the following sentences is TRUE?

a. Cu Chi was an important revolutionary base.

b. The area-of Cu Chi is about 200 square kilometers.

c. The soil in Cu Chi is uncultivated.

d. Cu Chi was called a wonder of 20th century.


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